Comparison of polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in indoor and outdoor air and the potential significance of inhalation as a human exposure pathway.
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) concentrations were measured in air from a total of 14 different indoor environments in Birmingham and the West Midlands area of the United Kingdom and compared to ambient outdoor levels.
In four instances, spatially and temporally consistent indoor and outdoor samples were taken for comparison.
Other indoor samples were compared to 25 outdoor samples from the Birmingham area taken at regular intervals between February 1997 and February 1998.
Higher levels were present in indoor air (1.1-69 ng sigmaPCB/m3, mean=9.0 ng sigmaPCB/m3) than in outdoor air (0.08-1.5 ng sigmaPCB/m3, mean=0.31 ng sigmaPCB/m3).
This limited data set indicates daily mean background U.K. PCB intake via inhalation to be 110 ng sigmaPCB/person (0.7 pg sigmai-TE/person), with a range of 23-590 ng sigmaPCB/person (0.03-2 pg sigmai-TE/person).
Inhalation may thus represent a significant exposure pathway to sigmaPCB but not sigmai-TE for some individuals, given that 1992 daily U.K. intake of PCB via diet has been estimated elsewhere to be 340 ng sigmaPCB/person (54 pg sigmai-TE/person).
Mots-clés Pascal : Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Pollution air, Pollution intérieur, Qualité air, Chlore Composé organique, Hydrocarbure chloré, Composé aromatique polycyclique, Biphényle(polychloro), Teneur air ambiant, Homme, Exposition, Toxicité, Facteur risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Air pollution, Indoor pollution, Air quality, Chlorine Organic compounds, Chlorocarbon, Polycyclic aromatic compound, Polychlorobiphenyl, Ambient air concentration, Human, Exposure, Toxicity, Risk factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0502352
Code Inist : 001D16C06. Création : 19/02/1999.