The survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - positive adolescents may be abbreviated by delays in health care delivery.
Methods of linking youth with services have not been well studied.
With support from the Special Projects of National Significance Program, the Youth and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Projects' (YAP) Adolescent Early Intervention Program offers early intervention health care services to all affected youth in Minnesota, a state with mandatory reporting of HIV/AIDS cases.
The conceptual framework is a novel application of traditional public health disease surveillance strategies to link HIV-positive adolescents with health care services.
The target population is composed of all 13-22-year-old HIV-positive persons reported to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH).
MDH staff locate and contact HIV-positive youth, conduct structured interviews regarding health status and needs, and facilitate enrollment at YAP.
Sixteen male and 20 female participants (mean age 21 years ; 56% people of color ; 32% gay or bisexual) reported serious health risks, including inconsistent condom use (83%), poverty (78%), high school dropout (56%), unemployment (50%), illegal conduct (50%), medical debt (42%), unstable living situations (33%), running away (33%), substance abuse (33%) and attempted suicide (28%). More than one third reported each of six HIV-related symptoms. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Service santé, Soin intégré, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Modèle, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Health service, Managed care, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, United States, North America, America, Models, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0501193
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 19/02/1999.