High acceleration events : An introduction and review of expert opinion.
International Conference on Whole-Body Vibration Injuries. Southampton, GBR, 1997/09/15.
This investigation was designed as a rapid review of available knowledge on high acceleration events in practice.
The aim was to consider if the risks associated with regular exposure justifies further investigation of the problem.
Three linked investigations were carried out : to gather published information, to gather expert opinion, and to analyse available vehicle records.
The literature showed that although no fully acceptable epidemiological data are available, exposure to high levels of vibration and shock probably increases the risk of back problems.
Experts considered high acceleration events important as regards the health of drivers of certain vehicles.
They though that more research into the effects on health is needed but comfort and epidemiological investigations have some severe practical drawbacks as well as advantages.
More biodynamic research is needed to engender plausible hypotheses on the effects on health before consideration of further epidemiological research and generation of dose-response relationships.
Vehicle measurements confirmed information from the literature that BS6841  Wb weighted r.m.s. values over 4 s of up to 5.8 m/s2 and unweighted peak values of at least 20 m/s2 occur with Wb weighted peak values of up to 15 m/s2 and sometimes nearly 30 m/s2.
Daily Vibration Dose Values of the order of 20 ms-1.75 are quite probable.
Measured accelerations suggested some common features of high acceleration events. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Biomécanique, Choc mécanique, Vibration, Accélération, Santé, Epidémiologie, Conducteur véhicule, Article synthèse, Bibliographie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Biomechanics, Mechanical shock, Vibration, Acceleration, Health, Epidemiology, Vehicle driver, Review, Bibliography
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0501012
Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 19/02/1999.