Monitoring of personal exposure of population from environmental pollution is a very complicated process.
To measure these pollutants is not eften feasible or possible due to technical problems.
On the other side these can influence the health status of inhabitants by the way of a long time exposition by low doses.
In our work we studied an incidence of the cancer of colon and rectum in rural area of Trnava district during the years 1986-1995.
These are the most frequent types of cancer in our district - 13.4%, incidence rate is 27.5 per 100 000 inhabitants.
The standardised incidence ratio (observed/expected cases) were calculated for all villages, including statistical parameters.
The population in this small area (1390 km2) is relatively stabile from point of view of migration and nutritional habits.
The urban area consisting from five towns was excluded from analysis because the life style and nutritional habits of people living in towns and villages are different.
These suppositions enabled to concentrate our attention to the study of environmental factors which can influence development of the colorectal cancer.
The SIR's were correlated with time of public drinking water supply, surface water quality, location of waste dumps, and time of gas heating using as kind of house heating.
Positive and statistically significant correlation's were found between SIR of the colorectal cancer and waste dump location for females and weaker for surface water and SIR for males. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Côlon, Rectum, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Pollution, Environnement, Slovaquie, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Côlon pathologie, Rectum pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Colon, Rectum, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Pollution, Environment, Slovakia, Europe, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Colonic disease, Rectal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0500921
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 19/02/1999.