In 1995 we conducted a national survey of 1102 acute care hospitals in the United States to determine types of clinical pharmacy services, patient-focused care, and pharmaceutical care used to educate and train pharmacy students, and compared outcomes with surveys in 1989 and 1992.
Clinical pharmacy services offered in 50% or more of Pharm.D. - affiliated hospitals (core services) were drug-use evaluation, in-service education, pharmacokinetic consultations, adverse drug reaction management, drug therapy monitoring, protocol management (most common for aminoglycosides, nutrition, antibiotics, heparin, warfarin, theophylline), nutrition team, and drug counseling.
Comprehensive pharmaceutical care programs were established in 64%, 42%, and 33% of Pharm.D., B.S., and nonteaching hospitals, respectively.
Patient-focused care programs were beginning or established in 77%, 71%, and 60%, respectively.
Pharmacists served as care team leaders in 23% of hospitals affiliated with a college of pharmacy.
Most common ambulatory care clinics were oncology, anticoagulation, diabetes, geriatrics, refill, and infectious diseases/HIV.
For-profit hospitals rarely provided education for pharmacy students.
Thus patient-focused and comprehensive pharmaceutical care programs exist according to a hospital's academic program affiliation with Pharm.D. or B.S. degree program.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hôpital, Pharmacie hospitalière, Soin pharmaceutique, Enseignement universitaire, Enquête
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital, Hospital pharmacy, Pharmaceutical care, Higher education, Survey
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0500878
Code Inist : 002B30A04D. Création : 19/02/1999.