Prevalence of obesity.
To determine the prevalence of obesity among intermediate and high school female students in Al-Khobar city, Saudi Arabia.
A cross sectional study was carried out between May 28 and June 22,1994, in 700 female students randomly selected from 8693 students in intermediate and high schools in Al-Khobar city.
A two stage stratified random sampling technique was used to obtain representative samples from both public and private schools.
Standard procedures for measuring weight, height, waist, hip and triceps skinfold were conducted.
The criteria for obesity and superobesity where body mass index (kg/m2) of = 85th - <= 95th and = 95th percentile respectively, as well as triceps skinfold thickness of = 85th - <= 95th and = 95th percentile respectively.
However, when the two criteria were combined the prevalence decreased to 25.6%. Using body mass index as a measure of adiposity, the prevalence of obesity and superobesity increased with age.
In contrast, when triceps skinfold thickness was used, there was no increase in the prevalence of obesity with age.
This was, however, not true for superobesity which increased as the students got older.
In view of the high prevalence rate of obesity in this sample, national preventive programs for weight control and healthy life-style are recommended for all ages including children and adolescents.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Etude transversale, Prévalence, Indice masse corporelle, Pli cutané, Mesure comparative, Recommandation, Etudiant, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Femelle, Prévention, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Cross sectional study, Prevalence, Body mass index, Skinfold thickness, Comparison measurement, Recommendation, Student, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Female, Prevention, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0498976
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 19/02/1999.