There is little information on headache syndromes in different communities in Saudi Arabia.
The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of migraine and tension-type headaches in 5 small communities in the Al-Qassim region.
Community based door-to-door survey involving the administration of a structured questionnaire with additional neurological examination.
Classification of headache was made according to the IHS criteria.
Out of the 10,267 individuals screened, 495 had migraine and tension-type headache giving a crude prevalence of 4.82% (95% CI=3.8-5.8%). With standardization, the rate increased to 5.5% (95% CI=5.1-5.9%). The female sex-specific prevalence was 6.1% (95% CI=5.5-6.8%), and for males it was 3.4% (95% CI=2.8-4.0%). The prevalence rates of migraine and tension-type headache was 2.45% (95% CI=2.2-2.74%) and 2.37% (95% CI=2.07-2.66%) respectively.
The low headache prevalence was ascribed to cultural factors and the relatively young population.
Studies in other communities in the Kingdom are indicated for confirming our results as well as assessing the role of stress and traditional lifestyles.
Mots-clés Pascal : Migraine, Céphalée tension, Epidémiologie, Exploration clinique, Prévalence, Questionnaire, Communauté, Evaluation, Homme, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Douleur, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Migraine, Tension headache, Epidemiology, Clinical investigation, Prevalence, Questionnaire, Community, Evaluation, Human, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Pain, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0498972
Code Inist : 002B17A03. Création : 19/02/1999.