Evaluation of oral poliovaccine delivery during National Immunization Days.
Saudi Arabia completed two National Immunization Days during the years of 1995 and 1996.
National Immunization Days are one of four strategies to achieve poliomyelitis eradication recommended by the World Health Organization.
We evaluated delivery of oral poliovaccine during the 1996 National Immunization Days in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia.
We randomly selected 40 clusters, proportionate to the number of children under 5 years of age, from Riyadh region.
We asked parents of 325 children under five years of age (7-9 children per cluster) in face-to-face interviews whether or not the child had received oral poliovaccine during the National Immunization Days of the years 1995 and 1996.
During the two rounds of the 1996 National Immunization Days, 305 children (93.8% ; 95% CI : 91-96) received at least one dose of oral poliovaccine ; 270 children (83% ; 95% CI : 79% - 86%) received two doses of oral poliovaccine.
The results of the 1995 National Immunization Days were similar.
Mobile vaccination teams that paid door-to-door house visits administered 383 oral poliovaccine doses (67%), 146 doses (25.4%) were given by primary health care centers, 35 doses (6.1%) were given by polyclinics, and governmental hospitals administered 10 doses (1.8%). Parents heard about the National Immunization Days mainly through national television broadcasting (240,73.8%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Immunoprophylaxie, Randomisation, Eradication, Voie orale, Vaccination, Recommandation, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Enfant, Homme, Evaluation, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Immunoprophylaxis, Randomization, Eradication, Oral administration, Vaccination, Recommendation, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Child, Human, Evaluation, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0498966
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 19/02/1999.