Background People without major risk factors for cardiovascuiar disease in middle age live longer than those with unfavorable risk-factor profiles.
It Is not known whether such low-risk status also results in lower expenditures for medical care at older ages.
We used data from the Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry to assess the relation of a low risk of cardiovascular disease in middle age to Medicare expenditures later in life.
Methods We studied 7039 men and 6757 women who were 40 to 64 years of age when surveyed between 1967 and 1973 and who survived to have at least two years of Medicare coverage in 1984 through 1994.
Men and women classified as being at low risk for cardiovascular disease were those who had the following characteristics at the time they were initially surveyed :
serum cholesterol level,<200 mg per deciliter (5.2 mmol per liter) ;
blood pressure,<120/80 mm Hg ;
no current smoking ;
an absence of electrocardiographic abnormalities ;
no history of diabetes ;
and no history of myocardial infarction.
We compared Medicare costs for the 279 men (4.0 percent) and 298 women (4.4 percent) who had this low-risk profile with those for the rest of the study group, who were not at low risk.
Health Care Financing Administration charges for services to Medicare beneficiaries were used to estimate average annual health care costs (total costs, those for cardiovascular diseases, and those for cancer). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Faible, Analyse coût, Vieillard, Homme, Economie santé, Age mûr
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Low, Cost analysis, Elderly, Human, Health economy, Middle age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0492962
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 19/02/1999.