logo BDSP

Base documentaire


  1. Prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in a multiracial asian population, with particular reference to reflux-type symptoms.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    Data on the epidemiology of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in the East are limited.

    The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in Singapore and to determine whether ethnic differences in the prevalence of these symptoms exist.

    Methods 

    A cross-sectional survey, using a reliable and valid questionnaire, was carried out in a race-stratified random sample of residents aged 21-95 yr (mean ± SD, 40 ± 1 yr) in a Singaporean town ; 93% responded (n=696).

    Results 

    The ethnic-adjusted prevalence of chronic abdominal pain, frequent dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea, and frequent reflux were 5.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3-8.1), 7.9% (95% CI, 5.0-10.8), 2.3% (95% CI, 0.8-3.9), 3.9% (95% CI, 1.9-5.9), 4.5% (95% CI, 2.3-6.7), and 1.6% (95% CI, 0.6-2.6), respectively.

    There were no ethnic differences in the prevalence of any of these symptom categories except for reflux-type symptoms, which were more common among Indians (7.5% ; 95% CI, 4.4-11.7) than Chinese (0.8% ; 95% CI, 0.1-3.0) or Malays (3.0% ; 95% CI, 1.2-6.1).

    Conclusion 

    The prevalence of all types of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in the general population of Singapore was low compared with those in the West.

    Chronic gastrointestinal symptoms were equally prevalent in the three major ethnic groups except for reflux-type symptoms, which were more common among Indians than Chinese or Malays.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Dyspepsie, Douleur, Abdomen, Côlon irritable, Diarrhée, Constipation, Reflux gastrooesophagien, Prévalence, Déterminisme génétique, Origine ethnique, Asiatique, Epidémiologie, Homme, Asie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Oesophage pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dyspepsia, Pain, Abdomen, Irritable bowel syndrome, Diarrhea, Constipation, Gastroesophageal reflux, Prevalence, Genetic determinism, Ethnic origin, Asiatic, Epidemiology, Human, Asia, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Esophageal disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0492471

    Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 19/02/1999.