This report considers the extent to which depression and anxiety predict smoking onset in adolescence.
A 6-wave cohort design was used to study a sample of 14-and 15-year-old students (n=2032) drawn from 44 secondary schools in the state of Victoria, Australia.
The students were surveyed between 1992 and 1995 with a computerised questionnaire that included a 7-day retrospective diary for tobacco use and a structured psychiatric interview.
Experimental smokers were 29 times more likely than non-smokers to make a transition into daily use in the subsequent 6 months.
Depression and anxiety, along with peer smoking, predicted initiation of experimental smoking.
Specifically, depression and anxiety accentuated risks associated with peer smoking and predicted experimentation only in the presence of peer smoking.
The findings that experimental smoking is an overwhelmingly strong predictor of later daily smoking focuses attention on smoking initiation.
Depression and anxiety accentuated risks associated with peer smoking and predicted experimentation only in the presence of peer smoking.
The finding that experimental smoking is an overwhelmingly strong predictor of later dialy smoking focuses attention on smoking initiation.
Depressive and anxiety symptoms are associated with higher risks for initiation through an increased susceptibility to peer smoking inlfuences. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Angoisse anxiété, Etat dépressif, Tabagisme, Epidémiologie, Prédicteur, Adolescent, Homme, Prospective, Australie, Océanie, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anxiety, Depression, Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Predictor, Adolescent, Human, Prospective, Australia, Oceania, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0491603
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 19/02/1999.