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  1. Fulltext. Targeting the underserved for breast and cervical cancer screening : The utility of ecological analysis using the national health interview survey.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study tested the utility of ecological variable screated form the National Health Interview Survey - NHIS) for strategic targeting of health services for the underserved.

    Methods

    Ecological variables were created using the 1989-1991 survey years of the NHIS public use data files.

    Segments, the NHIS secondary sampling unts, ermit computation of secondeary samplig characteristics by percentage Black, percentage Hispanic, percentage below poverty, percentage unemployed, median age, and percentage residing in the United States for 5 years or less.

    These variables were analyzed with the NHIS Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 1990 supplement reporting mammogram, clinical breast examination, and Pap test use.

    Results

    Median education of areas was inversely related to never having mammograms.

    Areas with a high proportion (70% - 100%) of Hispanic respondents also were more likely not to have mammograms.

    Women residing in areas with moderate or high proportions of Hispanic respondents were more likely never to have clinical breast examinations and Pap tests, as were those in areas with low income, poverty, and respondents who had resided in the United States 5 years or less.

    Conclusions

    The new methdology of constructing ecological variables using the NHIS demonstrates an application that may help identify underserved areas or areas with underutilized services.

    More studies using this methodology are warranted.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Col utérus, Ethnie, Niveau étude, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Dépistage, Comportement, Homme, Femelle, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Glande mammaire pathologie, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Col utérus pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Uterine cervix, Ethnic group, Education level, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Medical screening, Behavior, Human, Female, United States, North America, America, Mammary gland diseases, Female genital diseases, Uterine cervix diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0491594

    Code Inist : 002B20C02. Création : 19/02/1999.