The purpose of this study was to examine the reversibility of the effect of smoking on hip fracture incidence rates.
A 3-year follow-up cohort study was conducted involving 35 767 adults 50 years of age or older.
Of these individuals, 421 suffered a hip fracture.
Among participants less than 75 years of age, the relative risk (RR) of hip fracture was elevated for ex-smokers, even tor those who had quit smoking more than 5 years previously (men : RR=4.4,95% confidence interval [CI ] 1.2,15.3 ; women : RR=1.3,95% Cl=0.6,3.0), but was not as high as that for current smokers (men : RR=5.0,95% CI=1.5,16.9 ; women : RR=1.9,95% CI=1.2,3.1).
The effect of smoking on risk of hip fracture was not reversed completely 5 years after smoking cessation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Fumeur, Fracture, Col fémoral, Ostéoporose, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Incidence, Adulte, Homme, Vieillard, Norvège, Europe, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Traumatisme, Fémur, Membre inférieur, Ostéopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Poison withdrawal, Smoker, Fracture, Femoral neck, Osteoporosis, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Incidence, Adult, Human, Elderly, Norway, Europe, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Trauma, Femur, Lower limb, Bone disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0491593
Code Inist : 002B15A. Création : 19/02/1999.