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  1. Fulltext. Race and sex differences in long-term survival rates for elderly patients with pulmonary embolism.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    The goal of this study was to provide estimates of race-and sex-specific survival rates over a 10-year period for a cohort of 49752 Medicare patients admitted to the hospital in 1984 with a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.

    Methods

    Data were derived form Medicare Provider Analysis and Review Record inpatient claims files and the National Death Index file.

    Results

    For a primary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, median survival times among Black men and women were 2.5 years and 5.2 years, respectively ; for White men and women, the median survival times were 4.3 years and 5.9 years, respectively.

    Median survival times for Black men and women and White men and women with a secondary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism were 0.4 years, 0.7 years, 0.8 years, and 1.4 years, respectively.

    Survival rates declined with advancing age.

    Conclusions

    Overall, survival rates among Blacks were lower than those among Whites, and men had lower survival rates than women.

    These survival estimates provide new insights into outcomes following pulmonary embolism in hospitalized elderly people.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Embolie pulmonaire, Ethnie, Sexe, Mortalité, Taux, Long terme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Pronostic, Survie, Vieillard, Homme, Etude cohorte, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pulmonary embolism, Ethnic group, Sex, Mortality, Rate, Long term, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Prognosis, Survival, Elderly, Human, Cohort study, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0491586

    Code Inist : 002B11C. Création : 19/02/1999.