This study analyzed the prospective association between attending religious services and all-cause mortality to determine whether the association is explainable by 6 confounding factors : demographics, health status, physical functioning, health habits, social functioning and support, and psychological state.
The association between self-reported religious attendance and subsequent mortality over 5 years for 1931 older residents of Marin County, California, was examined by proportional hazards regression.
Interaction terms of religion with social support were used to explore whether other forms of social support could substitute for religion and diminish its protective effect.
Persons who attended religious services had lower mortality than those who did not (age-and sex-adjusted relative hazard [RH]=0.64 ; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.52,0.78).
Multivariate adjustment reduced this relationship only slightly (RH=0.76 ; 95% CI=0.62,0.94), primarily by including physical functioning and social support.
Contrary to hypothesis, religious attendance tended to be slightly more protective for those with high social support.
Lower mortality rates for those who attend religious services are only partly explained by the 6 possible confounders listed above.
Psychodynamic and other explanations need further investigation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Religion, Support social, Etablissement troisième âge, Epidémiologie, Corrélation, Facteur risque, Vieillard, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Religion, Social support, Homes for the aged, Epidemiology, Correlation, Risk factor, Elderly, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0491582
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 19/02/1999.