Farm workers are a marginalised occupational group whose poor living and working conditions may place them at increased risk for occupational and non-occupational morbidity and mortality.
Research into the health status of farm workers has been neglected in the past.
As part of an investigation into the neurological and neurobehavioural effects of exposure to organophosphate insecticides, this study describes the demographics, life histories, risk factors for chronic illness and selected indicatiors of general health status among a group of farm workers in the Western Cape.
Cross-sectional study conducted in the deciduous fruit farming industry in 1993.
164 pesticide applicators and 83 non-spraying controls (all men) from 73 farms, frequency matched for age and education.
A structured questionnaire, venous blood sample for serum and erythrocyte cholinesterase, albumin, gamma glutamyl transferase and haemoglobin assessment, height and weight measurement.
Most farm workers were children of farm workers and had lived and worked on farms for most of their lives.
The study found substantial levels of illiteracy (21 - 44%, depending on the definition) and innumeracy (4%) and evidence of a significant morbidity burden : high levels of alcohol intake and ongoing reported application of the'dop'system, high levels of head injury (70% of subjects) and evidence of substantial adult undernutrition. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Agriculteur, Morbidité, Etat sanitaire, Homme, République Sud Africaine, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Farmer, Morbidity, Health status, Human, South Africa, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0488040
Code Inist : 002B30B01A. Création : 19/02/1999.