So far, attempts to change the sexual risk behavior of women who use crack cocaine have been less successful than efforts to change the needle risk behavior of injection drug users.
Two theoretical areas that have shown some success in predicting behavior change among of out-of-treatment drug users are Bandura's social cognitive theory (self-efficacy theory) and social network theory.
According to Bandura, social networks are important sources of social support, and social support is vital to self-efficacy.
Social network research also indicates that close bonds with network members may be a protective factor independently of self-efficacy.
In order to test the feasibility of collecting such data, a pilot study was conducted with 60 women who used crack cocaine and who were not in treatment.
Results of Pearson product-moment correlations indicated that self-efficacy (. 7230) and number of very strong ties (. 31252994) were positively correlated with condom use for women in the sample.
In addition, the number of very strong ties (. 3142) was significantly, if modestly, correlated with self-efficacy.
Self-efficacy was also associated with behavioral performance in multivariate regression analysis, whose number of very strong ties had a moderate, though not significant, effect on self-efficacy.
The author recommends that social network assessment be adopted in larger studies as a part of HIV risk assessment.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Facteur risque, Toxicomanie, Cocaïne, Comportement sexuel, Prise risque, Théorie cognitive, Réseau social, Support social, Homme, Femelle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk factor, Drug addiction, Cocaine, Sexual behavior, Risk taking, Cognitive theory, Social network, Social support, Human, Female, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0487321
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 19/02/1999.