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  1. Visual acuity and quality of life outcomes in patients with cataract in Shunyi County, China.

    Article - En anglais

    PURPOSE 

    To measure visual acuity and vision-related quality of life in individuals in rural China operated on for cataract.

    METHODS 

    Five thousand fifty-two persons age 50 years and older, 90.9% (5,052/5,555) of a randomly selected population in Shunyi County, were examined in the fall of 1996.

    Visual functioning and quality of life questionnaires were administered to those with presenting visual acuity less than 6/60 in either eye and to those who were aphakic or pseudophakic.

    RESULTS 

    Of the 87 individuals operated on for cataract, 12% (10/87) had presenting visual acuity of 6/18 or more in both eyes, and 24.1% (21/87) had less than 6/60.

    Twenty-five percent (29/116) of the 116 eyes operated on for cataract had presenting visual acuity of 6/18 or more, and 44.8% (52/116) had less than 6/60.

    Aphakic cases without glasses and uncorrectable aphakia attributable to surgical complications were common.

    In a multivariate regression model, including time period of surgery, hospital type, and surgical procedure, only pseudophakia was associated with better outcomes (P=05).

    On a scale from 0 (maximum problems) to 100 (no problems), the mean visual functioning score (±SD) for the operated-on population was 61.9 ± 30.0, and 71.0 ± 31.8 for the quality of life questionnaire.

    These scores were comparable to those of the unoperated-on population with moderate bilateral blindness (<6/60 to =3/60 in the better eye). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Cataracte, Chirurgie, Traitement, Acuité visuelle, Qualité vie, Postopératoire, Chine, Asie, Zone rurale, Vieillard, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Cristallin pathologie, Segment antérieur pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cataract, Surgery, Treatment, Visual acuity, Quality of life, Postoperative, China, Asia, Rural area, Elderly, Human, Eye disease, Lens disease, Anterior segment disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0487246

    Code Inist : 002B25B. Création : 19/02/1999.