This study describes the establishment and first results of a continuous surveillance system of antimicrobial resistance among bacteria isolated from pigs, cattle and broilers in Denmark.
The three categories of bacteria tested were :
1) indicator bacteria (Escherichia coli,
Enterococcus faecium), 2) zoonotic bacteria (Campylobacter coli/jejuni, Salmonella enterica, Yersinia enterocolitica), and 3) animal pathogens (E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), Staphylococcus hyicus, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae).
A total of 3304 bacterial isolates collected from October 1995 through December 1996 were tested for susceptibility to all major classes of antimicrobial agents used for therapy in Denmark.
Bacterial species intrinsically resistant to an antimicrobial were not tested towards that antimicrobial.
Acquired resistance to all antimicrobials was found.
The occurrence of resistance varied by animal origin and bacterial species.
In general, resistance was observed more frequently among isolates from pigs than from cattle and broilers.
The association between the occurrence of resistance and the consumption of the antimicrobial is discussed, as is the occurrence of resistance in other countries.
The results of this study show the present level of resistance to antimicrobial agents among a number of bacterial species isolated from food animals in Denmark. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Animal élevage, Alimentation animale, Bactérie, Test sensibilité médicamenteuse, Concentration minimale inhibitrice, Résistance, Bactériose, Infection, Traitement, Antibiotique, Antibactérien, Programme sanitaire, Surveillance sanitaire, Pays Scandinaves, Europe, Vétérinaire, Danemark
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Farming animal, Animal feeding, Bacteria, Drug susceptibility test, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Resistance, Bacteriosis, Infection, Treatment, Antibiotic, Antibacterial agent, Sanitary program, Sanitary surveillance, Scandinavia, Europe, Veterinary, Denmark
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0487062
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 19/02/1999.