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  1. Occupational hazards, living conditions, and physical assault of sugar cane workers in Kwazulunatal, South Africa.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    To characterise the occupational hazard and living conditions of sugar cane workers in KwaZulu-Natal.

    Desing.

    Based on information provided by shop stewards, a survey instrument (questionnaire) wase constructed for administration to union members.

    Setting

    Seven sugar cane farms and estates owned by one large corporation in late 1993.

    Subjects

    Members of the South African Farm and Allied Workers Union (SAFAWU).

    Results

    Of the 632 participants, 50% were permanent workers, 22.3% were seasonal workers and 27.7% were casual workers.

    Mean daily pay ranged from R5 to R35 per worker.

    The majority of participants reported substandard housing both during the growing season and during the off-season.

    Percentages reporting health problems in the last 12 months believed by the respondent to be caused or made worse by work included 79% with eye problems, 78% with upper respiratory problems, 88% with lower respiratory problems, 93% with musculoskeletal problems, and 81% with an acute traumatic injury.

    More than half the participants reported fainting, collapsing or illness from working on hot or sunny days.

    Fourteen per cent reported being struck with the fist or hand, or being pushed, shoved or kicked by a farm owner, member of the owner's family, manager or supervisor ; 9% reported being struck with an object, whipped, or attacked or threatened with a knife or gun by one of these same individuals. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Canne à sucre, Travailleur, Condition travail, Qualité vie, Homme, République Sud Africaine, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Sugar cane, Worker, Working condition, Quality of life, Human, South Africa, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0486821

    Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 19/02/1999.