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  1. Alcohol and all-cause mortality in Europe 1982-1990 : a pooled cross-section time-series analysis.

    Article - En anglais

    Aim

    To test the relationship between alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality.

    Design

    Data :

    Yearly mortality rates and per capita consumption from 25 European countries between 1982 and 1990.

    Statistical models.

    This paper employs time-series cross-sectional data to model the relationships between alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality.

    The data are derived from 25 European countries in the 1980s.

    The statistical analyses controlling cross-sectional correlation and timewise autoregression were used to implement the econometric modelling.

    Findings

    Increases (decreases) in the per capita consumption of 1 litre of pure alcohol were associated with increases (decreases) of 1.3% in all-cause mortality rates.

    The beverage-specific analyses indicated a significant relationship between consumption of beer and all-cause mortality only.

    Conclusion

    The data show that per capita alcohol consumption, according to reported levels in Europe, is related to all-cause mortality and is thus of relevance to public health.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Ethanol, Toxicité, Consommation, Mortalité, Homme, Facteur risque, Europe, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethanol, Toxicity, Consumption, Mortality, Human, Risk factor, Europe, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0485987

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 19/02/1999.