To analyze the association between alcohol intake and the severity of injuries sustained from traffic accidents on a Mexican highway.
An observational unit evaluated drivers involved in auto accidents.
Mexico-Cuernavaca Highway, Mexico.
A 60 km-long road with many altitude variations and sharp curves.
Three hundred and eighty-six drivers involved in traffic accidents between March and September, 1994.
A questionnaire was applied to the driver, an occupant or witness at the site of the accident to collect information about the driver, vehicle characteristics, type of accident, day-night occurrence, road section (Mexico-Cuernavaca or Cuernavaca-Mexico) and weather conditions.
A physical examination was carried out to determine the presence and severity of injuries.
There were 177 injured people, including 12 deaths, with rates of 67.5 injuries and 4.58 deaths per 10 000 km driven.
Variables associated with alcohol intake (p<0.05) included : severity of injuries, non-use of seat belt, vehicle size and occurrence at night.
Risk factors for severe injuries were : alcohol intake (adjusted OR 6. 1 CI 95% 1.6-24.0), non-use of seat belt (OR 4. 9 CI 2.2-10.8), age<25 years (OR 3. 6 CI 1.0-12.7), age>54 years (OR 6. 0 CI 1.4-25.0), speed>90 km/h (OR 2. 6 CI 1.1-6.3) and occurrence at night (OR 2.6 CI 1.3-5.3).
Alcohol intake is a major risk factor for severe injuries from highway traffic accidents. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethanol, Consommation, Corrélation, Facteur risque, Association, Epidémiologie, Toxicité, Homme, Accident circulation, Conducteur véhicule, Conduite véhicule, Mexique, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethanol, Consumption, Correlation, Risk factor, Association, Epidemiology, Toxicity, Human, Traffic accident, Vehicle driver, Vehicle driving, Mexico, Central America, America, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0485972
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 19/02/1999.