To assess the effectiveness of interventions directed at the prevention or reduction of use of illicit substances by young people or those directed at reducing harm caused by continuing use.
A systematic review was conducted.
Reports were identified through electronic and hand searching and contact with known workers in the area.
Studies were included if they reported evaluations of interventions targeting illicit drug use and provided sufficient detail of the intervention and design of the evaluation to allow judgements to be made of their methodological soundness.
Meta-analyses were conducted combining the data of the methodologically sound studies.
Participants and settings targeted by interventions.
Evaluations of interventions were included if their targeted audience included young people aged between 8 and 25 years.
Identified evaluations were delivered in a range of settings including :
schools and colleges ;
community settings ;
the family ;
medical/therapeutic settings ;
Data extracted from each report included details of design, content and theoretical orientation of intervention, setting of the intervention, target audience, methods, population size, subject refusal rates, rates of attrition, outcome measures, length of follow-up and findings, including statistical power.
Mots-clés Pascal : Education santé, Communication information, Méthodologie, Prévention, Consommation, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Adulte jeune, Métaanalyse, Milieu scolaire, Programme sanitaire, Drogue illicite
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health education, Information communication, Methodology, Prevention, Consumption, Child, Human, Adolescent, Young adult, Metaanalysis, School environment, Sanitary program, Illicit drug
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0485964
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 19/02/1999.