To study the association between the use of alcohol to cope with tension and hazardous drinking, and the prevalence and the predictors of such drinking behaviours.
Cross-sectional surveys of two nation-wide samples of medical students, one at the beginning and one at the end of medical training.
Medical students entering Norwegian medical schools in 1993 (N=379) or graduating in 1993 and 1994 (N=522) ; 55. 6% of the total sample were women.
Postal questionnaires including SCL-5, Perceived Medical School Stress.
Use of alcohol to cope was reported by 10.5% of the students with no significant gender difference.
Hazardous drinking ('binge drinking'at least 2-3 times per month) was reported by 14% of all the students, 24% among the men and 6% among the women.
There was a strong association between use of alcohol to cope with tension and hazardous drinking, OR=5.11,95% CI (2.88-9.07) when controlling for other possible predictors.
Use of alcohol to cope was also associated with increasing age, mental distress and lack of religious activity.
The senior students used alcohol as a way of coping less often, but not hazardous drinking.
Male gender, religious inactivity, high self-esteem and having no children were predictors of hazardous drinking. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Boisson alcoolisée, Consommation, Adulte jeune, Homme, Coping, Norvège, Europe, Facteur risque, Prédiction, Sexe, Age, Intoxication, Stress, Etudiant, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholic beverage, Consumption, Young adult, Human, Coping, Norway, Europe, Risk factor, Prediction, Sex, Age, Poisoning, Stress, Student, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0485498
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 19/02/1999.