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  1. Use of alcohol to cope with tension, and its relation to gender, years in medical school and hazardous drinking : a study of two nation-wide Norwegian samples of medical students.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims

    To study the association between the use of alcohol to cope with tension and hazardous drinking, and the prevalence and the predictors of such drinking behaviours.

    Design

    Cross-sectional surveys of two nation-wide samples of medical students, one at the beginning and one at the end of medical training.

    Participants

    Medical students entering Norwegian medical schools in 1993 (N=379) or graduating in 1993 and 1994 (N=522) ; 55. 6% of the total sample were women.

    Measurements

    Postal questionnaires including SCL-5, Perceived Medical School Stress.

    Findings

    Use of alcohol to cope was reported by 10.5% of the students with no significant gender difference.

    Hazardous drinking ('binge drinking'at least 2-3 times per month) was reported by 14% of all the students, 24% among the men and 6% among the women.

    There was a strong association between use of alcohol to cope with tension and hazardous drinking, OR=5.11,95% CI (2.88-9.07) when controlling for other possible predictors.

    Use of alcohol to cope was also associated with increasing age, mental distress and lack of religious activity.

    The senior students used alcohol as a way of coping less often, but not hazardous drinking.

    Male gender, religious inactivity, high self-esteem and having no children were predictors of hazardous drinking. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Boisson alcoolisée, Consommation, Adulte jeune, Homme, Coping, Norvège, Europe, Facteur risque, Prédiction, Sexe, Age, Intoxication, Stress, Etudiant, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholic beverage, Consumption, Young adult, Human, Coping, Norway, Europe, Risk factor, Prediction, Sex, Age, Poisoning, Stress, Student, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0485498

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 19/02/1999.