Relation of family responsibilities and gender to the productivity and career satisfaction of medical faculty.
Studies have found that female faculty publish less, have slower career progress, and generally have a more difficult time in academic careers than male faculty.
The relation of family (dependent) responsibilities to gender and academic productivity is unclear.
To describe dependent responsibilities by gender and to identify their relation to the aspirations, goals, rate of progress, academic productivity, and career satisfaction of male and female medical school faculty.
177-item survey questionnaire.
24 randomly selected medical schools in the contiguous United States.
1979 respondents from a probability sample of full-time academic medical school faculty.
The main end point for measuring academic productivity was the total number of publications in refereed journals.
Perceived career progress and career satisfaction were assessed by using Likert scales.
For both male and female faculty, more than 90% of time devoted to family responsibilities was spent on child care.
Among faculty with children, women had greater obstacles to academic careers and less institutional support, including research funding from their institutions (46% compared with 57% ; P<0.001) and secretarial support (0.68 full-time equivalents compared with 0.83 full-time equivalents ; P=0.003), than men.
Compared with men with children, women with children had fewer publications.
(18.3 compared with 29.3 ; P<0. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Responsabilité, Milieu familial, Sexe, Carrière professionnelle, Médecin, Enseignement universitaire, Pratique professionnelle, Etude comparative, Evaluation, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Responsibility, Family environment, Sex, Career, Physician, Higher education, Professional practice, Comparative study, Evaluation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0483479
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 19/02/1999.