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  1. School-based adolescent hepatitis B immunization programs in the United States : strategies and successes.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Hepatitis B Virus : The Quest for Global Control and Eradication. Satellite Symposium. Toronto, ON, CAN, 1997/09.

    Background

    To increase hepatitis B vaccination coverage of adolescents, a public/private partnership was organized in the greater Baton Rouge area of Louisiana in 1992 to fund and implement school-based vaccination programs.

    Methods

    Initial programs utilized schools with existing school-based clinics and administered 2 to 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine to up to 76% of eligible students.

    During 1996 to 1997, expansion from 4 schools to 68 schools was facilitated by the use of temporary clinics set up in open school space.

    This multifaceted program administered 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine to 3232 students (75%) and 2 doses to 171 students (4%). Administration of the 3-dose regimen of hepatitis B vaccine was aided by the use of a dosing schedule at 0,2 and 4 months.

    This accelerated dosing has been shown to provide seroprotection for greater than 95% of healthy adolescents.

    Results

    In the Baton Rouge area, the hepatitis B adolescent vaccination program has immunized approximately 5000 adolescents during a 5-year period with minimal use of financial and personnel resources.

    Conclusions

    The success and growth of this program demonstrate that school-based vaccination programs can be highly efficient and effective.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Virus hépatite B, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Programme sanitaire, Vaccination, Adolescent, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Milieu scolaire, Efficacité, Méthode, Immunoprophylaxie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Prévention

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Hepatitis B virus, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Sanitary program, Vaccination, Adolescent, Human, United States, North America, America, School environment, Efficiency, Method, Immunoprophylaxis, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Prevention

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0483031

    Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 19/02/1999.