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  1. Swine and dynamic ultrasound models for trauma ultrasound testing of surgical residents.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Annual Meeting of the Association for Academic Surgery. Dallas, TX, USA, 1997/11/06.

    Background

    Trauma ultrasound workshops have been recommended for training surgical residents.

    We assessed the teaching effectiveness of the workshop, comparing swine and dynamic patient ultrasound models.

    Materials and methods

    MCQ exams on ultrasound physics and practical skills tests with and without pericardial or peritoneal fluid using four swines and eight dynamic patient ultrasound videos were used to compare pre-and postworkshop performance in 18 surgical residents (Group I) and a matched control group of 18 (Group II).

    Paired t tests and unpaired t tests for paired and unpaired data, respectively, were used for analysis with a P<0.05 being considered statistically significant.

    Results

    Mean scores (% correct response) ± SD were as follows (*P<0.05 vs Group I).

    MCQ Video Swine Group Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post 1 26.1 ± 6 85.0 ± 9 22.2 ± 15.8 89.6 ± 9.8 14.6 ± 7 1 53.2 ± 11.8 II 27.8 ± 6 26.1 ± 7* 23.6 ± 9.5 18.8 ± 8.8* 14.3 ± 5.2 12.2 ± 5.4* For the swine model the best scores were with pericardial fluid (25.0% pre vs 69.4% post in Group I) and the worst scores were with RUQ fluid (5.6% pre vs 22.2% post in Group I).

    Postworkshop dynamic video scores were always higher than the swine model scores in Group I (100% correct video scores for pericardial fluid).

    Conclusions

    This study confirms the trauma ultrasound workshop teaching effectiveness.

    For testing, the swine model (especially RUQ) was more difficult. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Plaie pénétrante, Thorax, Abdomen, Echographie, Liquide péritonéal, Péricarde, Interne(étudiant), Médecine, Efficacité, Enseignement, Etude expérimentale, Modèle animal, Porcin, Artiodactyla, Ungulata, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Traumatisme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Abdomen pathologie, Exploration ultrason

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Penetrating injury, Thorax, Abdomen, Echography, Peritoneal fluid, Pericardium, Resident(student), Medicine, Efficiency, Teaching, Experimental study, Animal model, Swine, Artiodactyla, Ungulata, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Trauma, Respiratory disease, Abdominal disease, Sonography

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0482831

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 19/02/1999.