To determine population-based estimates of in-hospital mortality following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and identify potential risk factors for in-hospital death.
Data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP-3) were analyzed for the year 1993.
Nationally representative estimates of risk were calculated by age, sex, race, income, census region, hospital location (urban versus rural), teaching status of hospital, number of hospital beds, hospital ownership, third-party payer, principal procedure, and presence of surgical complications.
Multivariate models were developed using stepwise logistic regression and a logit model fit by generalized estimating equations.
There were 228 deaths among 18,510 CEAs performed in 17 states of the United States in 1993, yielding an estimated in-hospital mortality rate of 1.2%. Multivariate analysis showed that age, principal procedure, and presence of any surgical complication were significant predictors of in-hospital mortality.
Mortality increased with increasing age (from 0.9% in those younger than 65 years to 1.7% in those age 75 and older) and was markedly higher with CEA performed as a secondary procedure (6.1% versus 0.9%) or with any surgical complication (5.9% versus 0.9%). Conclusions : Increasing age, CEA performed as a secondary procedure, and surgical complications are important predictors of in-hospital mortality following CEA.
Mots-clés Pascal : Endartériectomie, Carotide, Mortalité, Hôpital, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Complication, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Chirurgie, Périopératoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Endarteriectomy, Carotid, Mortality, Hospital, United States, North America, America, Complication, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0482294
Code Inist : 002B25F. Création : 19/02/1999.