In Ghana's healthcare system there are about 4200 people to each physician.
The annual frequency of X-ray examinations during the period 1990 to 1996 ranges from six to 1 1 per thousand population.
Chest radiograph examinations account for 46.5% of the annual frequency.
The survey revealed that there are no established acceptance testing procedures for newly installed X-ray equipment.
Neither institutional level performance checks following major repairs of faulty equipment, nor routine checks at regular intervals to ensure self-consistency of equipment performance are conducted.
The results of the film retake analysis undertaken indicates a need for quality assurance programmes to be taken seriously to avert considerable cost and high patient doses.
Radiographers and X-ray-technical officers who physically perform X-ray examinations should receive adequate training in the selection of procedures so as to ensure that doses to patients are as low as reasonably practicable in order to achieve the desired diagnostic objective.
Mots-clés Pascal : Radiodiagnostic, Niveau, Equipement, Qualification professionnelle, Equipe soignante, Indication, Répartition géographique, Sécurité, Irradiation, Pays en développement, Exploration, Homme, Ghana, Afrique, Radiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radiodiagnosis, Level, Equipment, Professional qualification, Health care staff, Indication, Geographic distribution, Safety, Irradiation, Developing countries, Exploration, Human, Ghana, Africa, Radiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0481897
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 19/02/1999.