Long-term effects of nurse home visitation on children's criminal and antisocial behavior 15-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.
Context. - A program of home visitation by nurses has been shown to affect the rates of maternal welfare dependence, criminality, problems due to use of substances, and child abuse and neglect.
However, the long-term effects of this program on children's antisocial behavior have not been examined.
- To examine the long-term effects of a program of prenatal and early childhood home visitation by nurses on children's antisocial behavior.
- Fifteen-year follow-up of a randomized trial.
Interviews were conducted with the adolescents and their biological mothers or custodial parents.
- Semirural community in New York.
- Between April 1978 and September 1980,500 consecutive pregnant women with no previous live births were recruited, and 400 were enrolled.
A total of 315 adolescent offspring participated in a follow-up study when they were 15 years old ; 280 (89%) were born to white mothers, 195 (62%) to unmarried mothers, 151 (48%) to mothers younger than 19 years, and 186 (59%) to mothers from households of low socioeconomic status at the time of registration during pregnancy.
- Families in the groups that received home visits had an average of 9 (range, 0-16) home visits during pregnancy and 23 (range, 0-59) home visits from birth through the child's second birthday.
The control groups received standard prenatal and well-child care in a clinic.
Main Outcome Measures
Mots-clés Pascal : Antisocial Behavior Scale, Randomisation, Long terme, Equipe soignante, A domicile, Protocole thérapeutique, Etude familiale, Statut socioéconomique, Prénatal, Planning consultation, Criminalité, Enfant, Homme, Prévention, Psychiatrie sociale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Antisocial Behavior Scale, Randomization, Long term, Health care staff, At home, Therapeutic protocol, Family study, Socioeconomic status, Prenatal, Visits planning, Criminality, Child, Human, Prevention, Social psychiatry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0481265
Code Inist : 002B18H07. Création : 19/02/1999.