Antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy and injecting heroin use.
Two hundred community-based methadone patients (CM) ; 200 prison inmates enrolled in prison methadone programs (PM) ; and 150 prison inmates with no history of heroin use (PNH) were interviewed to obtain diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and Psychopathy Checklist-defined psychopathy.
Large proportions of subjects in all three groups met the criteria for a diagnosis of ASPD (CM 44%, PM 65%, PNH 31%), with the two methadone groups having significantly higher proportions of ASPD diagnoses than non-heroin users.
There were no differences between groups in the proportions diagnosed as psychopathic (CM 4%, PM 9%, PNH 4%). For each group, the proportions diagnosed as ASPD were significantly higher than the proportions diagnosed as psychopathic.
Implications for the diagnosis of ASPD are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnalité antisociale, Psychopathie, Association morbide, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Homme, Milieu carcéral, Epidémiologie, Trouble personnalité, Héroïne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Antisocial personality, Psychopathia, Concomitant disease, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Human, Carceral environment, Epidemiology, Personality disorder, Heroin
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0477345
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 19/02/1999.