Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population.
Objectives-To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis.
Participants-Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women).
Method-A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits.
Information was obtained by interview.
Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age.
Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of <=300 mg ; 60% had a fat intake <=30% of total energy ; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats <=10% ; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health.
Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age.
Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Comportement alimentaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Hypertension artérielle, Ostéoporose, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Hong Kong, Chine, Asie, Chinois, Alimentation, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Ostéopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Feeding behavior, Cardiovascular disease, Hypertension, Osteoporosis, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Hong Kong, China, Asia, Chinese, Feeding, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Bone disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0477245
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 19/02/1999.