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  1. Mexican use of lead in the treatment of empacho : Community, clinic, and longitudinal patterns.

    Article - En anglais

    This paper discusses research designed to investigate community, clinic. and longitudinal patterns in use of lead as a treatment for empacho, a folk illness manifest by gastrointestinal symptoms.

    The same questionnaire used in a clinic-based study seven years previously in Guadalajara, Mexico. was used to interview a randomly selected community sample ; in addition. the study was repeated at the same clinic sites that had been studied previously.

    The goals were to investigate : (1) What are community wide prevalences of empacho and use of lead based remedies ? (2) To what extent are current patterns of use of lead for treatment of empacho in clinic-based samples similar to those seven years ago.

    The attributable risk to the population as a whole from use of lead based remedies was found to be 11% of the households of Guadalajara.

    Essentially this same estimate was seen for the 1987 and 1994 clinic populations.

    Interestingly, while percentages of lead users have declined since 1987, twice as great a percentage o informants reported treatin empacho.

    Other patterns originally identified in 1987 persisted in 1994 ; lead use continues to be associated with lower levels of parental education and income.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Intoxication, Tube digestif pathologie, Epidémiologie, Traitement, Homme, Mexique, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Toxicité, Métal lourd, Appareil digestif pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Poisoning, Gastrointestinal diseases, Epidemiology, Treatment, Human, Mexico, Central America, America, Toxicity, Heavy metal, Digestive diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0476727

    Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 19/02/1999.