To assess the prevalence of work-related complaints and symptoms in employees in an air-conditioned office building (Building AC) in a mild climatic area (Italy).
No discomfort had previously been reported.
A total of 198 employees in Building AC and 281 controls working in three naturally ventilated buildings (Building NV) answered a questionnaire investigating work-related complaints and symptoms.
A significantly higher percentage of workers in Building AC reported a lack of comfort in the working environment as compared with the controls (30.6% versus 18.9%). The most common complaints were strong lighting, high temperature, and dry, dusty, and/or stuffy air.
The prevalence of ocular, upper airway, and cutaneous symptoms was significantly higher (29.8% versus 14.9%, 25.3% versus 9.6%, and 14.1% versus 3.6%, respectively).
No significant difference was observed in respiratory or general symptoms.
Logistic regression analysis showed that working with video display units and photocopiers influenced ocular symptoms ; upper airway and cutaneous symptoms were influenced by female gender and working in the air-conditioned building.
In an apparently healthy air-conditioned office building. complaints and symptoms are reported more often than in a naturally ventilated edifice, but the prevalence is lower than that usually observed in sick buildings.
Symptoms are influenced by individual and work-related characteristics.
Mots-clés Pascal : Bâtiment malsain syndrome, Conditionnement air, Milieu professionnel, Bâtiment bureau, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur milieu, Irritation, Oeil pathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Peau pathologie, Photocopie, Ordinateur, Ecran visualisation, Médecine travail, Italie, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sick building syndrome, Air conditioning, Occupational environment, Office building, Human, Epidemiology, Environmental factor, Irritation, Eye disease, Respiratory disease, Skin disease, Photocopy, Computer, Display screen, Occupational medicine, Italy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0475497
Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 19/02/1999.