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  1. Definition of overactive bladder and epidemiology of urinary incontinence. Discussion. Question and answer section.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    The Overactive Bladder : from Basic Science to Clinical Management Consensus Conference. London, GBR, 1997/06/29.

    Objectives

    To review the definition of the overactive bladder and to summarize the results of epidemiologic studies on this specific disorder as well as urinary incontinence (Ul) in general.

    Methods

    From a literature search covering the time period from 1954 through 1995,48 epidemiologic studies and several other publications dealing with the prevalence and natural history of Ul were reviewed.

    A metaanalysis of reported data was performed with respect to incontinence definitions, investigation methods, home country of survey, sex, and age groups.

    Results

    Differences in definitions of incontinence, target populations, and study design in different investigations resulted in inhomogeneity and difficulties of comparing the available data.

    By grouping the studies with respect to similarities in the above-mentioned criteria and analyzing the results for each group of studies, an attempt was made to understand the great variation of reported results.

    Differences in prevalence of incontinence were identified for all examined groups of studies and for distinct ethnic populations.

    Scarce information about incidence, spontaneous remission rates, and risk factors was used to elucidate the natural history of Ul in women and men.

    Conclusions

    Although generally accepted definitions of the overactive bladder specifically and UI in general are highly desirable, they have not yet been established. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Incontinence urinaire, Pathogénie, Hyperactivité, Vessie urinaire, Définition, Incidence, Classification, Evolution, Acceptation, Traitement, Article synthèse, Homme, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Voie urinaire pathologie, Vessie pathologie, Trouble miction

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Urinary incontinence, Pathogenesis, Hyperactivity, Urinary bladder, Definition, Incidence, Classification, Evolution, Acceptance, Treatment, Review, Human, Urinary system disease, Urinary tract disease, Bladder disease, Voiding dysfunction

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0469196

    Code Inist : 002B14E02. Création : 19/02/1999.