Some acute bacterial infections, notably those caused by the pneumococcus and the non-typhi salmonellae, have not traditionally been considered as leading diseases in tropical medicine, despite their ubiquitous distribution and impact on health.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is forcing a re-evaluation of this position because of their importance in immunosuppressed adults, particularly where exposure is high and treatment relatively inadequate.
The problem of acute bacterial disease in HIV/AIDS is outlined in industrialised countries and contrasted with the problem in tropical countries.
Specific insights into HIV-related pneumococcal disease and non-typhi salmonellosis that have come from work in the tropics are then discussed.
These infections need now to be recognised as an important element of tropical medicine.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Homme, Pneumococcie, Streptococcie, Bactériose, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Salmonellose, Aigu, Association morbide, Pays industrialisé, Zone tropicale, Pays en développement, Mortalité, Morbidité, Epidémiologie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Human, Pneumococcal infection, Streptococcal infection, Bacteriosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Salmonellosis, Acute, Concomitant disease, Industrialized country, Tropical zone, Developing countries, Mortality, Morbidity, Epidemiology, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0469168
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 19/02/1999.