The occurrence of personality disorders was investigated in 36 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder by means of the SCID Screen questionnaire.
In addition, the personality dimensions were explored by means of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI).
In total, 75% of the patients fulfilled the criteria for a personality disorder according to the SCID Screen questionnaire, mostly (55%) within cluster C. Several significant correlations were found between the separate personality disorders (PD) and subscales of the TCI. the most pronounced being between avoidant and obsessive-compulsive PD and novelty-seeking and self-directedness.
Strong correlations were also found between self-directedness and paranoid and borderline PD.
In multiple regressions where the presence of PD in clusters A, B and C, respectively, were used as dependent variables and where the separate subscales of the TCI were used as independent variables, the multiple R reached 0.68,0.76 and 0.80 in clusters A, B and C, respectively.
Thus 46-64% of the variance in the personality disorder clusters could be explained by the TCI subscales.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obsession compulsion, Association morbide, Trouble personnalité, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Homme, Trouble anxieux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obsessive compulsive disorder, Concomitant disease, Personality disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Human, Anxiety disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0465641
Code Inist : 002B18C08B. Création : 19/02/1999.