Environmental exposure to cadmium and lead in the pediatric age group.
Lead additives in automotive fuel, smog from a nearby industrial center warranted an investigation on cadmium and lead in Manisa, a city of tabacco processing.
Hundred and one children were screened in view of lead and cadmium exposure.
In 23 children between the ages of 0-2 years the mean (±SEM) serum lead level was 7.15 ± 0.10 mug/dl, in 28 between the ages of 3-6 years was 7.20 ± 0.10 mug/dl and in 50 between the ages of 7-15 years was 7.20 ± 0.10 mug/dl. respectively, with no significant differences.
Serum cadmium levels in the same groups of children was 0.066 ± 0.008 ng/ml, 0.078 ± 0.008 ng/ml 0.088 ± 0.006 ng/ml, respectively.
The difference in cadmium levels between the age groups of 0-2 years and 7-15 years was significant (p<0.038).
This significant increase in blood cadmium level is also shown by simple linear regression analysis : Cadmium (ng/ml)=0.049+0.005 (age), and p<0.0001.
F Ratio=50.578, coefficient of correlation=0.581.
Our study revealed that lead is not a serious environmental contaminant for children, yet ; however, the increasing trend seen in exposure to cadmium warrants serious consideration and urgant preventive measures.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cadmium, Plomb, Métal lourd, Polluant, Taux, Environnement, Enfant, Homme, Turquie, Asie, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cadmium, Lead, Heavy metal, Pollutant, Rate, Environment, Child, Human, Turkey, Asia, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0464492
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 19/02/1999.