Causes of mortality in twins in a rural region of The Gambia, West Africa.
Little is known about birth or mortality rates of twins in The Gambia.
There are no reports of the causes of death among twins in sub-Saharan Africa.
We identified twin births and deaths from a community-based study which had been carried out in a large rural region of The Gambia over a 5-year period from 1989 to 1993.
The overall twinning rate excluding stillbirths was 14.3 (95% CI 12.9,15.8) per 1000 live deliveries.
This was significantly lower among the Mandinka ethnic group (8.8 per 1000) than among the Serahulis (15.1 per 1000) or Fulas (18.3 per 1000).
The early-neonatal, late-neonatal and post-neonatal twin mortality rates were 114.0,45.9 and 64.2 per 1000 live twin births, respectively.
In comparison, the early-neonatal, late-neonatal and post-neonatal mortality rates of singletons were 18.6,16.0 and 41.1 per 1000, respectively.
In the post-neonatal period, malnutrition was more frequently a cause of death among twins than among singletons (7.8 per 1000 twin births vs 2.0 per 1000 singleton births ; p=0.0008).
Appropriate strategies for preventing malnutrition are required for this high-risk group.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Etiologie, Jumeau, Gambie, Afrique, Nouveau né, Homme, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Etiology, Twin, Gambia, Africa, Newborn, Human, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0464038
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 19/02/1999.