After a punishing 5-month confirmation process during which conservatives opposed to president Bill Clinton launched a series of accusations about the administration's health policies, David A Satcher was sworn in on Feb 13 as the 16th US Surgeon general - a post vacant since Jocelyn Elders was abruptly fired in 1994.
Satcher is also serving as Assistant Secretary for health, the first time one person has filled both positions since the administration of President Jimmy Carter.
Satcher, an African-American who grew up poor in the racially segregated south, trained as a family practitioner.
He developed and later headed the King/Drew University Department of Family Medicine Los Angeles, and then became head of the department of Community Medicine and family practice at Morehouse (Atlanta) before moving to Nashville to serve for a decade as president of Tennessee's Meharry Medical College.
In 1993, Clinton appointed him director of the Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC).
During his confirmation battle for Surgeon General, conservative Christian groups criticised Satcher for CDC's role in a controversial study of short-term zidovudine (AZT) therapy to prevent perinatal transmission of HIV-1 in Africa, as well as for his support of Clinton's stand against a ban on a late-term abortion technique.
Satcher, however, gained the enthusiastic support of the nation's medical community, including not only the AMA, but also conservative Republican physicians in Congress.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Pauvreté, Afrique, Politique, Essai clinique, Politique sanitaire, SIDA
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, Poverty, Africa, Policy, Clinical trial, Health policy, AIDS
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 98/09 V
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 19/02/1999.