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  1. Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community : The 1996 Detroit area survey of trauma.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    The study estimates the relative importance of specific types of traumas experienced in the community in terms of their prevalence and risk of leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

    Methods 

    A representative sample of 2181 persons in the Detroit area aged 18 to 45 years were interviewed by telephone to assess the lifetime history of traumatic events and PTSD, according to DSM-IV.

    Posttraumatic stress disorder was assessed with respect to a randomly selected trauma from the list of traumas reported by each respondent, using a modified version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, Version IV, and the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview.

    Results 

    The conditional risk of PTSD following exposure to trauma was 9.2%. The highest risk of PTSD was associated with assaultive violence (20.9%). The trauma most often reported as the precipitating event among persons with PTSD (31% of all PTSD cases) was sudden unexpected death of a loved one, an event experienced by 60% of the sample, and with a moderate risk of PTSD (14.3%). Women were at higher risk of PTSD than men, controlling for type of trauma.

    Conclusions 

    The risk of PTSD associated with a representative sample of traumas is less than previously estimated.

    Previous studies have overestimated the conditional risk of PTSD by focusing on the worst events the respondents had ever experienced. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Evénement existentiel, Facteur risque, Evolution, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Michigan, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Santé mentale, Homme, Trouble anxieux

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Life events, Risk factor, Evolution, Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Michigan, United States, North America, America, Mental health, Human, Anxiety disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0457502

    Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 25/01/1999.