This study assessed the extent to which exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with increased risks of psychiatric symptoms in late adolescence (adolescents aged 16-18 years) when due allowance was made for confounding or selection factors associated with maternal smoking during pregnancy.
Data were gathered during an 18-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1265 children born in New Zealand.
The measures collected included (1) maternal smoking during pregnancy ; (2) assessments of psychiatric problems (conduct disorder, major depression, and anxiety and substance use disorders) at age 16 to 18 years ; and (3) measures of potentially confounding social, family, and parental factors.
Children exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy had higher psychiatric symptom rates for conduct disorder, alcohol abuse, substance abuse, and depression.
Those children whose mothers smoked at least 1 pack of cigarettes per day during their pregnancy had symptom rates that were between 1.4 and 2.5 (median, 2.0) times higher than the children of nonsmokers.
Smoking during pregnancy was also associated with a series of adverse or disadvantageous factors that included (1) socioeconomic disadvantage, (2) impaired child-rearing behaviors, and (3) parental and family problems. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Gestation, Mère, Facteur risque, Descendance, Adolescent, Homme, Trouble psychiatrique, Etude cohorte, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Pregnancy, Mother, Risk factor, Progeny, Adolescent, Human, Mental disorder, Cohort study, Epidemiology, Mental health
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0457374
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 25/01/1999.