Injured intoxicated drivers : Citation, conviction, referral, and recidivism rates.
Several studies have suggested that legally intoxicated drivers who are injured when involved in a motor vehicle crash are unlikely to be cited or prosecuted for driving under the influence (DUI).
The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the rates of citation and prosecution of legally intoxicated drivers who are injured in a motor vehicle crash and hospitalized in a Level I trauma center, (2) the rates of previous and subsequent alcohol-related citation in this population, and (3) the rate of referral for treatment of alcohol-related problems made during the hospital stay.
In a retrospective review of trauma registry and Cleveland Municipal Court records from January 1993 through April 1995, we examined the records of all drivers injured in a motor vehicle crash who were transported to a Level I urban trauma center, admitted to the trauma service, and determined to have a blood alcohol content (BAC) of. 10 gm% or higher at the time of admission to the emergency department.
Seventy drivers admitted after a motor vehicle crash had a BAC of. 10 gm% or higher.
This represented 33% of the drivers older than 16 years of age who were admitted to the trauma service.
Twenty-three drivers (32.8%) were cited for DUI, and 15 (21%) of the 70 were successfully prosecuted and convicted.
Four of 23 cited drivers had previous citations ; another 5 incurred subsequent citations during the study period. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Conducteur véhicule, Intoxication, Alcool, Traumatisme, Accident circulation, Citation, Récidivisme, Poursuite, Justice, Traitement, Alcoolisme, Hôpital, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driver, Poisoning, Alcohol, Trauma, Traffic accident, Citation, Recidivism, Tracking(movable target), Justice, Treatment, Alcoholism, Hospital, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0457301
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 25/01/1999.