Estimates of the prevalence of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in the general population have ranged from 2-20%. The vast majority of these reports have studied White populations in Europe, used limited definitions of the disorder, and/or used bias populations, such as those seeking medical care.
To estimate the prevalence of this disorder in the United States and address these limitations, we prospectively determined the prevalence of PCOS in a reproductive-aged population of 369 consecutive women (174 White and 195 Black ; aged 18-45 yr), examined at the time of their preemployment physical.
Body measures were obtained, and body hair was quantified by a modified Ferriman-Gallwey (F-G) method.
All exams were initially performed by 2 trained nurses, and any subject with an F-G score above 3 was reexamined by a physician, the same for all patients.
Of the 369 women, 277 (75.1%) also agreed to complete a questionnaire and have additional blood drawn.
Subjects were studied regardless of current estrogen/progestin hormonal use (28.5%). PCOS was defined as 1) oligoovulation, 2) clinical hyperandrogenism (i.e. hirsutism) and/or hyperandrogenemia, and 3) exclusion of other related disorders, such as hyperprolactinemia, thyroid abnormalities, and non-classic adrenal hyperplasia. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ovaire polykystique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Etude comparative, Origine ethnique, Caucasoïde, Négroïde, Hirsutisme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adulte, Homme, Femelle, Poil, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Ovaire pathologie, Stérilité femelle, Tumeur bénigne, Kyste, Endocrinopathie, Virilisme, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Polycystic ovary, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Comparative study, Ethnic origin, Caucasoid, Negroid, Hirsutism, United States, North America, America, Adult, Human, Female, Hair, Female genital diseases, Ovarian diseases, Female sterility, Benign neoplasm, Cyst, Endocrinopathy, Virilism, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0456897
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 25/01/1999.