Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C in Australia.
The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in Australian patients with hepatitis C and to identify factors associated with particular genotypes.
Serum isolates of HCV-RNA were genotyped using a commercial oligonucleotide hybridization (line probe) assay.
Relationships between demographic factors, mode of HCV transmission and HCV genotype were assessed by logistic regression analysis.
Among 463 patients with hepatitis C, 425 tested positive for HCV-RNA and a single HCV genotype was identified in 420 cases.
The patients'places of birth were Australia or New Zealand (62%), Asia (13%), Europe (12%), Mediterranean (6%), Middle East (6%) and other countries (<1%). The most common genotypes were type 1 (52%) or type 3 (32%) ; type 2 (9.3%), type 4 (5.5%) and type 6 (1.7%) were less common.
Patients with genotype 1b were older (48 ± 13 years, P<0.001) and patients with genotype 3 were younger than the remaining patients (37 ± 11 years vs 42 ± 12 years, P<0.001).
Among type 1 isolates, 1b was more common for patients born outside Australia compared with those born in Australia (50% vs 13%, P<0.001) whereas non-1b subtypes were more common among Australian-born patients.
Likewise, 21 of 23 (91%) patients with type 4 were from Egypt and six of seven (86%) with type 6 were from Vietnam.
The relative importance of parenteral risk factors for HCV also varied according to geographic origin. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Répartition géographique, Australie, Océanie, Génotype, Virus hépatite C, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Virus, Déterminisme génétique, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Génétique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Geographic distribution, Australia, Oceania, Genotype, Hepatitis C virus, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Virus, Genetic determinism, Epidemiology, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Genetics
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0456638
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 25/01/1999.