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  1. Randomised trial of impact of school mental-health programme in rural Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

    Article - En anglais

    Background A school mental-health programme has been developed as a component of the community mental-health programme in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

    It has the objective of improving the understanding of disorders of mental health in the rural community.

    We aimed to assess the impact of a school mental-health programme on the awareness of schoolchildren, their parents, friends who were not attending school, and neighbours.

    Methods We chose two secondary schools for boys and two for girls that were similar in terms of size, staff-pupil ratio, and dropout rates. 100 children aged 12-16 years (25 girls and 25 boys in each of the study and control groups), 100 parents (one for each child), 100 friends who did not attend school (one for each child), and 100 neighbours (one for each child) were given a 19-item questionnaire before and after the study group had had a 4-month programme of mental-health education.

    The maximum score for the questionnaire was 16 points.

    Findings Before the school mental-health programme the awareness of mental-health issues was poor (mean score 5.7-7.6) in the four groups of participants.

    In the study group there was a significant improvement in the mean scores after the school programme in the schoolchildren (mean improvement 7.6 [95% CI 6.7-8.5], p<0.01), their parents (5.3 [4.5-6.1], p<0.01), friends (5.1 [4.1-6.1], p<0.01), and neighbours (3.4 [2.6-4.2], p<0.01). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé mentale, Programme Information Questionnaire, Zone rurale, Randomisation, Ecole, Relation parent enfant, Impact environnement, Efficacité, Pakistan, Asie, Trouble psychiatrique, Enfant, Homme, Psychopathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychiatrie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental health, Programme Information Questionnaire, Rural area, Randomization, School, Parent child relation, Environment impact, Efficiency, Pakistan, Asia, Mental disorder, Child, Human, Psychopathology, Nervous system diseases, Psychiatry

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0456357

    Code Inist : 002B18H02. Création : 25/01/1999.