A prospective unmatched case-control study was conducted to determine risk factors for intestinal microsporidiosis in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who had ¾200 CD4 cells/mm3.
In multivariate analysis, case-patients (n=30) were more likely than were control-subjects (n=56) to have ¾100 CD4 cells/mm3 (odds ratio [OR], 6.5 ; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1-42), to report male homosexual preference (OR, 7.6 ; 95% CI, 1-59.5), and to report swimming in a pool in the previous 12 months (OR, 9.2 ; 95% CI, 2.1-38.9).
In summary, intestinal microsporidiosis in persons with HIV infection and ¾200/mm3 CD4 cells is associated with male homosexuality and swimming in pools, suggesting fecal-oral transmission, including sexual and waterborne routes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Microsporidia, Cnidosporidia, Protozoa, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Homme, Infection mixte, Facteur risque, Homosexualité, Piscine, Epidémiologie, Transmission, Microsporidiose, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, SIDA, Virose, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Infection opportuniste
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Microsporidia, Cnidosporidia, Protozoa, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Human, Mixed infection, Risk factor, Homosexuality, Swimming pool, Epidemiology, Transmission, Microsporidiosis, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, AIDS, Viral disease, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Opportunistic infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0455508
Code Inist : 002B05E02B10. Création : 25/01/1999.