HIV/AIDS in Pakistan : the context and magnitude of an emerging threat.
Study objective-The objectives of this review were to :
(1) assess the nature and comprehensiveness of information regarding HIVIAIDS in Pakistan ;
(2) to evaluate the extent of HIVIAIDS in Pakistan by epidemiological estimates ;
(3) to indicate the implications of the results for health policy in Pakistan and other regions at a similar stage in the epidemic.
Design-A structured review of published, unpublished, and government literature was undertaken to collate all available information and present a descriptive epidemiological profile of HIV/AIDS in the country.
Setting-Pakistan, a developing country in the South Asian region.
National and regional information and analysis are presented in so far as the data allowed.
Sample sizes varied from 1.35 million people screened at the national level to smaller studies of fewer than 100 screened.
Data pertaining to HIVIAIDS in Pakistan showed the best national estimates of HIV prevalence as 64 per 100 000 (0.064%). Within patients with sexually transmitted diseases the seroprevalence was as high as 6100 per 100 000 (6.1%) ; in men with extramarital contacts, 5400 per 100 000 (5.4%) and was as low as zero in some studied populations as well.
The average age of onset was reported as 30 years.
It is estimated that if all incident cases of AIDS were to die, there would be at least 5000 deaths annually attributable to HIVIAIDS. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Séropositivité, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Pakistan, Asie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Sérologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Seropositivity, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Pakistan, Asia, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Serology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0452506
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 25/01/1999.