The impact of asthma and asthma-like illness was measured in a population of 5-9-year-old Seattle public school children.
Child health information was obtained from a survey of 1665 parents of first and second grade students to assess medical services use and impaired physical functioning among diagnosed asthmatics and those with current wheezing, defined as wheezing in the past 12 months without a diagnosis of asthma, relative to an asymptomatic population with neither condition.
Relative to the asymptomatic population, the prevalence of respiratory-related activity limitation, and perception of poorer child health was larger among diagnosed asthmatics than children with current wheezing.
However, the prevalence of sleep disturbances, school absences, medical services use, and parental concern over their child's health was similar for both the asthmatic and wheezing groups relative to the asymptomatic group.
Also, in both symptomatic groups, a history of moderate or severe wheezing was associated with an increased prevalence of respiratory-related sleep disturbances and activity limitation, The similarity between the impact of diagnosed asthma and undiagnosed asthma-like illness suggests that the overall social and economic burden of asthma may be higher than previously estimated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Utilisation, Service santé, Scolarisation, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Milieu scolaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Use, Health service, School enrollment, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Child, Human, School environment, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0452335
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 25/01/1999.