Ethnic differences in correlates of adolescent cigarette smoking.
To examine the correlates of cigarette smoking among African-American, Hispanic, and white adolescents in a cross-sectional national sample.
A total of 1795 mother-child dyads from the 1992 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were selected for analyses.
Measures of adolescents cigarette smoking and family, individual, peer, and sociodemo-graphic risk factors were analyzed.
White youths reported the highest rates of lifetime, current, and persistent smoking, and initiated smoking at a significantly earlier age than African-Americans and Hispanics.
Except for maternal cigarette smoking and substance use, African-Americans and Hispanics experienced a disproportionately larger number of purported risk factors than whites.
Multivariate analyses revealed common and ethnic-specific correlates of adolescent lifetime and current smoking, with many more significant associations among whites than minorities.
Common correlates included youth's age across all three ethnic groups, problem behaviors and delinquency among whites and African-Americans, and perceived peer pressure to smoke among whites and Hispanics.
Ethnic-specific correlates included maternal smoking, maternal cocaine use, low maternal religiosity, and negative scholastic attitudes, which increased smoking for whites ; and positive parenting, which reduced smoking for African-Americans. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Facteur risque, Relation familiale, Relation interpair, Interaction sociale, Influence sociale, Ethnie, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Risk factor, Familial relation, Peer relation, Social interaction, Social influence, Ethnic group, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0450113
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 25/01/1999.